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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-86

Modified band and loop space maintainer: Mayne's space maintainer

Department of Pedodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Thai Moogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication10-Oct-2018

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Joyson Moses
Department of Pedodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Thai Moogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Golden George Nagar, Mugappair, Chennai - 600 107, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpr.ijpr_4_18

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Primary teeth play a pivotal role in preventing malocclusion of permanent dentition. When there is premature tooth loss, the space should be maintained for preserving the arch form and preventing space loss. Space maintainer is the treatment of choice in such conditions. When the conventional method is not applicable, we plan for modifications. In this clinical scenario, we have modified the crown and loop space maintainer with a single loop known as the Mayne's space maintainer.

Keywords: Crown and loop space maintainer, mayne's space maintainer, unilateral space maintainer, modification of space maintainer

How to cite this article:
Moses J, Sekar P K, Raj S S, Rangeeth B N, Ravindran S. Modified band and loop space maintainer: Mayne's space maintainer. Int J Pedod Rehabil 2018;3:84-6

How to cite this URL:
Moses J, Sekar P K, Raj S S, Rangeeth B N, Ravindran S. Modified band and loop space maintainer: Mayne's space maintainer. Int J Pedod Rehabil [serial online] 2018 [cited 2023 Nov 28];3:84-6. Available from: https://www.ijpedor.org/text.asp?2018/3/2/84/243066

  Introduction Top

Arch integrity is an ideal requisite for proper occlusion of the permanent dentition. Transition of primary to secondary dentition is always a critical determinant, and timely management of malocclusion is the need of the hour. Premature loss of tooth leads to loss of arch circumference, crowding, drifting of the adjacent tooth,[1] impaction of the succedaneous tooth, midline shift, and subsequent impairment of function.[2] Space maintainers are used when there is a premature loss of primary teeth. The most conventional one in use is band and loop space maintainer. When the clinical scenario does not satisfy the requirements, there are modifications done to the band and loop space maintainer. In this case report, a crown and loop space maintainer is done with a single loop on the buccal side, known as the Mayne's space maintainer.


The Mayne's space maintainer is used in cases where:

  • The abutment tooth is rotated
  • The permanent tooth is almost erupting
  • When the loop is going to be a restriction for the eruption of the permanent tooth.

  Case Report Top

A 6-year-old male child reported to the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry with pain in the left lower back tooth region for the past 1 week. The patient was well nourished and well coordinated. On clinical examination, the patient had stainless steel crown in 74 and an abscess in relation to it [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]. There was deep dental caries in 75. The other findings were pit and fissure caries in 55 and 65. A radiovisio graph (RVG) examination of 74 and 75 was taken [Figure 4]. The RVG revealed a stainless steel crown in relation to 74 with furcation involvement evident of periapical abscess. The radiograph also revealed dental caries involving pulp in 75.
Figure 1: Preoperative – anterior view

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Figure 2: Preoperative – posterior view

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Figure 3: Preoperative view – mandibular occlusal view

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Figure 4: Preoperative radiograph

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The treatment plan included extraction of 74, pulpectomy in 75 followed by crown and loop space maintainer in relation to 75, and Type IX class ionomer restoration in 55 and 65. Since 75 had a mild mesial rotation, it was not suitable for a crown with a complete loop. Hence, a Mayne's space maintainer was fabricated.


Pulpectomy was completed in 75. Extraction of 74 was done under local anesthesia in aseptic conditions. The post extraction instructions were given, and the patient was asked to report after a week.

When the patient reported, the tooth was prepared for the stainless steel crown. Size E4 was selected. An alginate impression of the lower jaw was made, and the crown was transferred to the impression.

The loop was fabricated on the cast with 19-gauge stainless steel wire. The loop encircled 73 from the center of the lingual surface of the tooth just above the cingulum along the distal surface of the tooth extending buccally, covering the distal one-third of the buccal surface. The loop then extends distally and is soldered to the buccal surface of the crown on 75 [Figure 5].
Figure 5: Postoperative – posterior view

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The Mayne's space maintainer is luted onto 75 with Type I glass ionomer cement. The occlusion was checked [Figure 6] and [Figure 7], and the patient was called for review after a month [Figure 8].
Figure 6: Postoperative view – mandibular occlusal view

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Figure 7: Postoperative radiograph

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Figure 8: Six months postoperative

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  Discussion Top

At the age of 6, the primary molars play a major role in the maintenance of space for the premolars that are succedaneous to it. This is mainly due to the eruption pattern of the permanent tooth. Studies state that the premature loss of the primary mandibular first molar results in drifting of the primary mandibular canine distally.[3] In the maxilla, the primary second molar is mesially drifted. A space loss of 1.5 mm is immediately seen per side in the mandible. In the maxilla, around 1-mm space loss is seen after the loss of primary first molars.[4] According to a study by Alexander et al.,[5] the recommendation of space maintainer to prevent space loss is based on the following conditions:

  • In a patient with leptoprosopic facial form and end-on molar relationship with missing maxillary or mandibular primary first molars
  • In a patient having mesoprosopic or euryprosopic facial form, end-on molar occlusion, and missing mandibular first primary molars.

According to this study, the occlusal relationship of the permanent first molar or its eruptive status is no longer the sole factor in this treatment planning decision but should be a component in space management.[5] In spite of varied school of thought, the importance of space maintainer and its modifications is always stressed upon. Mayne's space maintainer, modification of the traditional space maintainer is a unilateral single loop space maintainer and is used in conditions which is predestined for minor adjustments.[6] A case report by Savitri et al.[2] in 2014 proved that Mayne's appliance is clinically successful. Although few authors question the stability of this appliance and efficacy of the appliance in preventing tipping of the adjacent teeth, this modification can still be used for certain cases. In a case report by Pushpalatha et al.[6] in 2016, a modification of Mayne's appliance was fabricated to correct the tipping of the adjacent teeth.

  Conclusion Top

There may be many types of space maintainers and their modifications. The pedodontist plays a cardinal role in selection of the suitable space maintainer based on the clinical condition, oral hygiene, and the cooperative nature of the patient. In conditions where there is difficulty in fabrication of a complete loop, Mayne's retainer can be used as it is easy to be fabricated, convenient for the patient and has proven scientific backup for its success.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Baroni C, Franchini A, Rimondini L. Survival of different types of space maintainers. Pediatr Dent 1994;16:360-1.  Back to cited text no. 1
Savitri R, Anandakrishna L, Kamath PS, Ramya M. Mayne's appliance-guidance of eruption: A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2014. p.1-3. doi : 10.15713/ins.ijmdcr.17.  Back to cited text no. 2
Padma Kumari B, Retnakumari N. Loss of space and changes in the dental arch after premature loss of the lower primary molar: A longitudinal study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2006;24:90-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
Tunison W, Flores-Mir C, ElBadrawy H, Nassar U, El-Bialy T. Dental arch space changes following premature loss of primary first molars: A systematic review. Pediatr Dent 2008;30:297-302.  Back to cited text no. 4
Alexander SA, Askari M, Lewis P. The premature loss of primary first molars: Space loss to molar occlusal relationships and facial patterns. Angle Orthod 2015;85:218-23.  Back to cited text no. 5
Pushpalatha C, Mala Devi M, Punitha S, Shwetha G. A custom modified band and loop space maintainer. J Dent Orofac Res 2016;12:30-2.  Back to cited text no. 6


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5], [Figure 6], [Figure 7], [Figure 8]


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