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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 52-56

A cross-study to evaluate the effect of two methods of oral health education on the oral health status among visually impaired children

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, IGIDS, SBV, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Gurusamy Kayalvizhi
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, IGIDS, SBV, Puducherry - 607 402
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpr.ijpr_30_20

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Objectives: Visually impaired children can encounter specific problems like plaque-associated disease which if untreated could result in higher risk. Despite this, there is not much available data authenticating the efficacy of oral health education aids using verbal commands and tactile sensations. Therefore, the present study was aimed to evaluate the use of oral health education aids using verbal instructions through audio and music-assisted toothbrushing system and oral hygiene instructions and brushing methods through braille among visually impaired children and its outcome on their oral health status. Study Design: This cross-sectional study included a total of 50 visually impaired children divided equally into music-assisted toothbrushing method and oral hygiene instructions and brushing method through braille's categories. Oral hygiene status was assessed using Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S), gingival index (GI), and plaque index (PI) at different time intervals. Analysis was performed using Student's t-test, Mann–Whitney U-test, and Welch's t-test. Results: The OHI-S, PI, and GI scores significantly decreased at different time intervals for both the groups (P ≤ 0.001). Intergroup comparison regarding oral hygiene status between the braille and music groups at baseline to 6 months showed a significant improvement (P ≤ 0.001). Conclusions: The current study highlighted an improvement in the oral hygiene status with audio instructions and music-assisted toothbrushing system than braille. Employing these specially framed oral health educations improvised greatly the oral health status in visually impaired children.

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